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This project aims at promoting sustainable combustion technologies for transportation by the validation of advanced combustion kinetic models obtained via the combined use of sophisticated new laboratory experiments, engines experiments, and theoretical computations, breaking through the current frontier of knowledge. It will focus on the unexplored kinetics of ignition and combustion of 2nd generation (2G) biofuels and blends with conventional fuels, which should provide energy safety and sustainability to Europe. The motivation is that no kinetic models are available for the ignition, oxidation and combustion of 2G-biofuels, and improved ignition control is needed for new compression ignition engines. Information on pollutants formation by combustion of 2G-biofuels and data obtained in well characterised experiment for their combustion are mostly missing. Finally, concentration measurements of key-intermediates for fuels’ ignition in new engines are missing.

It is proposed to provide that missing knowledge using new well-instrumented complementary experiments and kinetic modelling. Measurements of labile key-intermediates, stables species, and pollutants will be performed. New ignition control strategies, including plasma-assisted active control, could be more useful will be designed, opening new technological horizons. Kinetic modelling will be used for rationalising the results. Due to the complexity of renewable liquid fuels and their unusual composition, innovative surrogates will be designed for the modelling. Kinetic models for surrogate fuels will be generalised for extension to other compounds. The experimental results, together with ab-initio and detailed modelling, will serve to characterise the kinetics of ignition, combustion, and pollutants formation of fuels including 2G biofuels, and provide relevant data and kinetic models.

Annalisa Di Stazio, PhD Thesis

PhD defense by Annalisa DI STAZIO. 16/12/2016 – 14:30 URL: http://www.univ-orleans.fr/actus/soutenances Location: ICARE – 1C avenue de la recherche scientifique – campus CNRS Orléans Title : Experimental characterization of the combustion dynamics at micro-scale. Discipline : Energetics, Thermal, Combustion Abstract : Nowadays with the demand for high efficiency systems, there is growing  development and application of micro …

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Sébastien THION, PhD Thesis

PhD defense by Sébastien THION. 12/12/2016 – 14:30 URL: http://www.univ-orleans.fr/actus/soutenances Location: Salle de conférences – ICARE – 1C avenue de la recherche scientifique – campus CNRS Orléans Title: Etude expérimentale et numérique de la cinétique d’oxydation de biocarburants lignocellulosiques : cétones, éthers et lévulinates. Discipline: Chemistry – Physics Abstract : Les carburants synthétisés à partir de la …

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Philippe Dagaut, Silver medal

On this 1 December, Jean-Yves Marzin, Director of INSIS, distinguished Philippe Dagaut, a researcher in chemical kinetics at ICARE, with the CNRS Silver Medal for his research to study in detail the oxidation mechanisms of a very large number of hydrocarbons. His work has led to industrial applications in major French energy and automotive groups. …

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Philippe Dagaut, 2016 Recipient of the Alfred C. Egerton Gold Medal

Charles Westbrook, CI President (2008-2012), Prof. Philippe Dagaut, and Katharina Kohse-Höinghaus, CI President (2012-2016), at the 36th International Symposium on Combustion in Seoul, Korea In this second installment of a seven-part series of articles, The Combustion Institute recognizes combustion scientists who were honored with medals and awards during the 36th International Symposium on Combustion. Philippe …

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